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Its soldiers prevented the Union Army from being flanked by the Confederate Army. Maine produces 98% of the nation's low-bush blueberries. An organized municipality has a form of elected local government which administers and provides local services, keeps records, collects licensing fees, and can pass locally binding ordinances, among other responsibilities of self-government. A second settlement was attempted at a place called York, in 1623 by English explorer and naval Captain Christopher Levett, granted 6,000 acres (24 km2) by King Charles I of England. All Rights Reserved. Maine became a U.S. State on Wednesday, March 15th, 1820. By analyzing the type of granite, geologists were able to discover that glaciers carried Bubble Rock to its present location from near the town of Lucerne, Maine — 30 miles (48 km) away. Below, on a large blue ribbon, is the word "Maine. The state has 17 million acres of forest and is the leading producer of toothpicks at around 100 million per day. Its primary agricultural product is potatoes, and its primary fisheries product is lobsters. According to the United States Census Bureau, Maine had a population of 1,328,361 as of 2010. Archeological evidence suggests that Norwegians in Greenland returned to North America for several centuries after the initial discovery to collect timber and to trade, with the most relevant evidence being the Maine Penny, a 10th-century Norwegian coin found at a Native American dig site in 1954. Maine became the 23rd state, on March 15, 1820. That’s about 40 million pounds of lobster! Four U.S. Navy ships have been named USS Maine in honor of the state. Maine was the 23rd state to join the United States. Maine has fewer days of thunderstorms than any other state east of the Rockies, with most of the state averaging less than 20 days of thunderstorms a year. Its state animal is the moose, and the state bird is the black-capped chickadee. Maine became the 23rd state, on March 15, 1820. The state’s coldest day ever was in January of 2009, when temperatures reached -50 degrees Fahrenheit in Big Black River. Maine is the only state in the country with a one-syllable name. Maine has more than 60 lighthouses along its rocky coastline. Maine is known for its freezing winters and is one of the ten coldest states in the nation. But Maine’s attractions aren’t only outdoors: It’s also home to historic attractions, art museums, and much more! Maine is the easternmost state in the United States in both its extreme points and its geographic center. It’s dedicated to studying mysterious animals like Bigfoot, Yetis, and Lake Monsters. The secession and formation of the state of Maine as the 23rd state occurred on March 15, 1820, as part of the Missouri Compromise, which geographically limited the spread of slavery and enabled the admission to statehood of Missouri the following year, keeping a balance between slave and free states. Maine has a set of state symbols. Commercial fishing, once a mainstay of the state's economy, maintains a presence, mostly lobstering and groundfishing. To the south and east is the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and northeast is New Brunswick, a province of Canada. Maine's economy is largely dependent on agriculture, ship building, fishing, footwear, machinery, electronics and tourism. The Abenaki took captives taken during raids of Massachusetts in Queen Anne's War of the early 1700s to Kahnewake, a Catholic Mohawk village near Montreal, where some were adopted and others ransomed. The treaty concluding revolution was ambiguous about Maine's boundary with British North America. European contact with what is now called Maine started around 1200 CE when Norwegians interacted with the native Penobscot in present-day Hancock County, most likely through trade. The French named the entire area Acadia, including the portion that later became the state of Maine. The most famous lighthouse is the Portland Head Light, which was built from 1787 to 1790, making it Maine's oldest lighthouse. Maine is the northeast-most state in the United States. Maine is the only state with a single syllable name. The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, led by French explorer Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons; his party included Samuel de Champlain, noted as an explorer. Kids Encyclopedia Facts Maine is the northeast -most state in the United States. Dwight D. Eisenhower Facts – US Presidents, Ancient Chinese Architecture – styles, etc, Central African Kingdoms – Ancient Africa, Tony the Tiger Fun Facts (He’s Grrrrreat! The state of Maine, also known as the Pine Tree State, is favored by many tourists for its beautiful lighthouses and diverse natural beauty. Due to these considerations and rapid population growth, in 1820 Maine voted to secede from Massachusetts. This page was last modified on 21 October 2020, at 21:17. Prominent glacial features include Somes Sound and Bubble Rock, both part of Acadia National Park on Mount Desert Island. In 1819, Massachusetts agreed to permit secession if voters in Maine approved. The Downeaster passenger train, operated by Amtrak, provides passenger service between Brunswick and Boston's North Station, with stops in Freeport, Portland, Old Orchard Beach, Saco, and Wells. The state also produces 99% of all the blueberries in the U.S. and 90% of the country’s toothpick supply. White, author of the children's book "Charlotte's Web.". About 90% of the country’s lobster supply is caught off the coast of Maine. Some of the famous actors include Patrick Dempsey and Judd Nelson. ), Christmas Facts For Kids (Fun & Festive!). It’s also the only state that shares its border with just one other state. Throughout Maine, many municipalities, although each separate governmental entities, nevertheless form portions of a much larger population base. Aubrey Warshaw has experience working in federal, state and local levels of government. Date admitted to the Union: Wednesday, March 15, 1820, Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean at sea level, Famous locations: Acadia National Park, Kennebunkport, Boothbay Harbor, Portland Museum of Art, Maine Maritime Museum, Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens. It was previously a part of Massachusetts. People in Maine produce agricultural goods like poultry, eggs, dairy products, cattle, wild blueberries (the state produces 25% of all blueberries in North America, making it the largest blueberry producer in the world), apples, maple syrup and maple sugar. It’s also the only state that shares its border with just one other state. The name first appeared in writing in 1622, and it’s probably a sailing term referring to the state being a “mainland” that is separate from the many nearby islands. The Canadian province of Quebec is to the northwest. After the British defeated the French in Acadia in the 1740s, the territory from the Penobscot River east fell under the nominal authority of the Province of Nova Scotia, and together with present-day New Brunswick formed the Nova Scotia county of Sunbury, with its court of general sessions at Campobello. For instance, in early 1692, the Abenaki raided York, killing about 100 of the English settlers and taking another estimated 80 villagers hostage. The state also produces 99% of all the blueberries in the U.S. … The state flower is the white pine cone and tassel, while the state berry is the wild blueberry. 1.3% of Maine's population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin.

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