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Tra il 17 e il 20 luglio 1914 la Monarch prese parte al test di mobilitazione della flotta e alla rivista come parte della risposta britannica alla crisi di luglio. Four 3-pounder (1.9 in (47 mm)) saluting guns were also carried. Prima ancora che si scatenasse il conflitto, infatti, quelli che sarebbero diventati gli opposti schieramenti si confrontarono duramente sul mare con la "diplomazia delle cannoniere", per assicurarsi la libertà di navigazione e il libero accesso alle fonti di materie prime, ponendo sostanzialmente le premesse per il successivo scontro armato. [32], By 1 May, Monarch had been assigned to the 3rd BS of the Home Fleet. He was overruled, and is reported to have taken little pride in the resulting ship. In response the Admiralty ordered the Grand Fleet, totalling some 28 dreadnoughts and 9 battlecruisers, to sortie the night before to cut off and destroy the High Seas Fleet. Lützow was also fired at by Orion during this time and was hit five times between the sisters. Their secondary armament consisted of 16 BL 4-inch (102 mm) Mark VII guns. L'ammiragliato condivise l'idea e decise che la Grand Fleet non sarebbe uscita dai porti se non ci fosse stato il bisogno di bloccare un'invasione tedesca o se ci fosse stata una forte possibilità di ingaggiare il nemico in condizioni favorevoli. HMS Monarch was an Orion-class battleship of the Royal Navy. A high-angle rangefinder was fitted in the forward superstructure by 1921. Le torrette erano chiamate 'A', 'B', 'Q', 'X' e 'Y', da prua a poppa. A further bulkhead of four inches thickness was situated in the bow, one third of the distance from the stem to the forward barbette. Monarch's Coercion CN: 君王之睥睨 JP: 帝王の威圧: When firing main gun: 40% (70%) chance to fire a special barrage (damage is based on skill level) and enemies hit by the barrage have their movement speed decreased by 40% for 6 seconds. By the time the Grand Fleet approached the area on 26 March, the British and German forces had already disengaged and a strong gale threatened the light craft, so the fleet was ordered to return to base. [10] She was completed on 31 March 1912, commissioned with a partial crew on 16 April and fully commissioned on 27 April. Monarch after her 1872 conversion to barque rig. Their decks ranged in thickness between 1 inch (25 mm) and 4 inches with the thickest portions protecting the steering gear in the stern. The following year, live bombs of various sizes were dropped on the ship by Airco DH.9A bombers with little effect. Construction was of wire winding, and so good were these weapons that they were still in use during World War II as shore guns at Dover. 228, 234–35, 243, 246, 250, 253, 257–58, Jellicoe, pp. [Note 1] At 19:14, she engaged the battlecruiser SMS Lützow at a range of 17,300–18,450 yards (15,820–16,870 m) with five salvos of APC shells and claimed to straddle her with the last two salvos. The former had to unexpectedly manoeuvre to avoid a guardship at the entrance and Conqueror could not avoid her. Le navi erano equipaggiate con tre tubi lanciasiluri da 533 mm, uno su ogni fiancata più uno a poppa, per i quali erano immagazzinati 20 siluri a bordo. [4], In 1914 the shelter-deck guns were enclosed in casemates[5] and a fire-control director was installed sometime in 1914, before August, on a platform below the spotting top. La marina italiana e la grande guerra, Navi al fronte. Battaglie sconosciute. She paid off for refit, rejoining the Channel Fleet in 1874. Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. Non mancarono, infine, le eroiche e ardite operazioni, come la famigerata "beffa di Buccari", l'impresa di Pola e la difficile operazione di Premuda, che la Marina Militare ancora oggi celebra ogni 10 giugno come festa di Forza Armata, ad opera di Luigi Rizzo e Giuseppe Aonzo al comando dei MAS 15 e MAS 21. Distrussero due cannoni principali, tolsero temporaneamente la corrente alla torretta più poppiera e causarono svariate falle. 16 × BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk VII guns. On 5 May 1922, Monarch was paid off and placed on the disposal list in accordance with the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. [18], The screening forces of each side blundered into each other during the early morning darkness and heavy weather of 16 December. The new gun was also very accurate and possessed very good wear rates – up to 450 rounds per gun. Both bulkheads extended from lower deck to upper deck level. This was an early mechanical computer into which was fed range and bearing of the target, wind speed and direction, own course and speed, target's course and speed, ambient temperature and adjustments for Coriolis effect; this produced a firing solution which was fed electrically to the guns where the gun layers would follow the pointers. Durante uno di questi viaggi di sicurezza la nave fu silurata dal sommergibile tedesco U-15 l'8 agosto 1914, ma il siluro non fu colpito. [1], Monarch had a very active career, fighting in her first battle in 1778 at the First Battle of Ushant and her second under Admiral Rodney at Cape St. Vincent in 1780. The Orion-class ships were designed in response to the beginning of the Anglo-German naval arms race and were much larger than their predecessors of the Colossus-class battleship to accommodate larger, more powerful guns and heavier armour. Lutzow was in serious trouble and was only saved from further serious damage by the actions of her escorting destroyers in making smoke and shielding her from view. Arrived at Blyth, Northumberland on the 25th October 1977 for scrapping. Dopo la fine della prima guerra mondiale, il monarca della HMS Monarch nella seconda squadra di combattimento della Grande Flotta. 123, 198–200, 205, Goldrick, p. 156; Jellicoe, pp. L'SM U-15, comunque, fu suggerito come candidato per l'attacco, anche se affondò il giorno seguente con la perdita di tutto l'equipaggio e quindi la verità non fu mai scoperta. Il 20 gennaio 1915 i lavori furono completati e la nave fu in grado di tornare alla sua squadriglia. The normal power for the Conqueror was 27,000 SHP giving 21 knots but on trials she developed 33,198 SHP for 22.13 knots. I Tedeschi ebbero la meglio nel primo scambio di fuoco danneggiando severamente vari cacciatorpediniere britannici ma l'ammiraglio Friedrich von Ingenohl, comandante della Hochseeflotte, ordinò alle sue navi di invertire la rotta, preoccupato dalla possibilità di un attacco di massa da parte dei cacciatorpedinieri britannici alla luce dell'alba. La Monarch soffrì danni modererati alla poppa e ricevette riparazioni temporanee a Scapa prima di procedere per Devonport per le riparazioni definitive il 4 gennaio 1915, riunendosi alla Grand Fleet il 20 dello stesso mese.

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