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The operation called for Hipper’s battlecruisers to attack the convoy and its escorts on 23 April while the battleships of the High Seas Fleet stood by in support. [28], While the fleet was consolidating in Wilhelmshaven, war-weary sailors began rioting. Her forward conning tower had 400 mm (16 in) sides, and the main battery turrets had 350 mm thick sides and 200 mm (7.9 in) thick roofs. The following day, König and Kronprinz engaged the Russian battleships—König dueled with Slava and Kronprinz fired on both Slava and the cruiser Bayan. Heavy fog forced the Germans to remain inside their defensive minefields for half an hour. The temporary repairs proved ineffective, and Bayern had to be withdrawn to Kiel for repairs; the return trip took 19 days. They had an armor belt that was 350 mm (14 in) thick in the central citadel of the ship, where the most important parts of the ship were located. Bayern was commissioned midway through the war, and had a limited service career. German Battleship SMS Bayern. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [18] On 18 September, the order was issued for a joint Army-Navy operation to capture Ösel and Moon islands; the primary naval component consisted of the flagship Moltke and III Battle Squadron of the High Seas Fleet. [23], At 05:00 on 23 April 1918, the entire High Seas Fleet, including Bayern and Baden, left harbor with the intention of intercepting one of the heavily escorted convoys. Bayern was powered by three Parsons steam turbines rated at 34,521 shaft horsepower (25,742 kW) and three oil-fired and eleven coal-fired Schulz-Thornycroft boilers, and on trials achieved 55,202 shaft horsepower (41,164 kW); she had a maximum speed of 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). The ship was eventually expended as a gunnery target in 1921. Admiral Scheer and the rest of the High Seas Fleet, including 15 dreadnoughts, were to trail behind and provide cover. VI Division consisted of the five Kaiser-class battleships. A 50 mm (2.0 in)-thick torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. [4][11], Bayern joined III Battle Squadron of the High Seas Fleet upon her commissioning. By 14:10, the convoy had still not yet been located, and so Scheer turned the High Seas Fleet back towards German waters. [16], In early September 1917, following the German conquest of the Russian port of Riga, the German navy decided to evict the Russian naval forces that still held the Gulf of Riga. Antikythera or Antikythira (/ˌæntɪkɪˈθɪərə/, [...], Kythira (/kɪˈθiːrə/, /ˈkɪθɪrə/; Greek: [...]. Sachsen and Württemberg, both at various stages of completion when the war ended, were broken up for scrap metal. Barbettes: 40-350 mm [d] The main battery guns were arranged in four twin gun turrets: two superfiring turrets each fore and aft. Bayern Class Battleship (1943 Modernization). This new book fills an important gap in the literature of the period by covering these German capital ships in detail and studying the full span of battleship development during this period. Heavy fog forced the Germans to remain inside their defensive minefields for half an hour. [27], Following the capitulation of Germany in November 1918, the majority of the High Seas Fleet was to be interned in the British naval base in Scapa Flow. [10], The Bayern-class battleships were armed with a main battery of eight 38 cm (15 in) SK L/45 guns[lower-alpha 3] in four Drh LC/1913 twin gun turrets. [27] Bayern was to have taken part in what would have amounted to the "death ride" of the High Seas Fleet shortly before the end of World War I. By 20 October, the naval operations were effectively over; the Russian fleet had been destroyed or forced to withdraw, and the German army held the islands in the gulf. Casemates: 170 mm [22] This presented to Admiral Scheer the opportunity for which he had been waiting the entire war: the chance to isolate and eliminate a portion of the Grand Fleet. [10] Work began at the Howaldtswerke Dockyard in Kiel under construction number 590. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! Slava had taken too much damage, and was unable to escape; instead, she was scuttled and her crew was evacuated on a destroyer. did you set the guns like the earlier Bayerns? Due to the course of the First World War and the associated withdrawal of many shipyard workers for military service and the onset of scarcity of raw materials, the completion of the completion of Bayern delayed by a few weeks. By 14:35 on 19 August,[e] Scheer had been warned of the Grand Fleet's approach and, unwilling to engage the whole of the Grand Fleet just 11 weeks after the close call at Jutland, turned his forces around and retreated to German ports. Each gun was expected to fire 300 shells before replacement of the barrel was required. Armour protection: Belt 350, Battery 170, Citadel 250, Turrets 350, Blockhaus 350, barbettes 300 mm Crew: 1270. They considered 32 cm (12.6 in), 38 cm (15 in), and 40 cm (15.7 in) guns. The ships suffered slight speed loss in heavy seas; with the rudders hard over, the ships lost up to 62% speed and heeled over 7 degrees. Descripción. SMS Bayern was the lead ship of the Bayern class of battleships in the German Imperial Navy. Despite the success in reaching the convoy route undetected, the operation failed due to faulty intelligence. [30] In an attempt to suppress the mutiny, the battleship squadrons were dispersed. The 15 cm guns had 170 mm thick armor plating on the casemates; the guns themselves had 80 mm thick shields to protect their crews from shell splinters. Bayern conducted her first full-power speed test on 25 April off the island of Alsen; these trials continued until 2 May. Bayern was built by Howaldtswerke in Kiel under construction number 590; she was laid down in 1913, launched on 18 February 1915, and completed on 15 July 1916. [4][c] The ship could carry up to 3,400 t (3,300 long tons; 3,700 short tons) of coal and 620 t (610 long tons; 680 short tons) of fuel oil, which provided a maximum range of 5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at a cruising speed of 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph). Preliminary repairs were made on 13 October in Tagga Bay. At this time, V Division included the Bayern and four König-class battleships. Do you want to learn more [8] At the time of her commissioning, Bayern's commander was Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea) Max Hahn. The Germans reached their defensive minefields early on 25 April, though approximately 40 nmi (74 km; 46 mi) off Helgoland Moltke was torpedoed by the submarine E42. She was interned with the majority of the High Seas Fleet at Scapa Flow in November 1918 following the end of World War I. Both Grosser Kurfürst and Bayern struck mines while maneuvering into their bombardment positions; damage to the former was minimal, and the ship remained in action. The guns were expected to fire around 1,400 shells before they needed to be replaced. After fitting-out and sea trials, the ship was commissioned on 15 July 1916, a month and a half too late for her to participate in the Battle of Jutland. [12], Bayern and Baden were also equipped with a pair of 8.8 cm (3.45 in) L/45 flak guns, which were supplied with 800 rounds. [21] The temporary repairs proved ineffective, and Bayern had to be withdrawn to Kiel for repairs; the return trip took 19 days. Este elemento solo será visible en búsquedas realizadas por ti, tus amigos y los administradores. [24], On 22 April, Bayern and the rest of the German fleet assembled in the Schillig Roads outside Wilhelmshaven and departed the following morning at 06:00. Work began at the Howaldtswerke Dockyard in Kiel under construction number 590. The ship was laid down in 1913 and launched on 18 February 1915. [7] The guns were emplaced in MPL C/13 mountings, which allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees. Chances are it will probably be very simmilar to the DW version with the WOWS refit. The garrison on Ösel numbered some 14,000 men. Every effort has been made to cover all significant areas during the war period. To this end, the Admiralstab (the Navy High Command) planned an operation to seize the Baltic islands of Ösel, particularly the Russian gun batteries on the Sworbe peninsula.

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