Looking southeast across Sewell's Point. However, the Confederates, low on resources and ships, were desperate. Her aggregate weight of guns was 284,000 lbs., two of them 200-pounder Parrott guns. My Snake Story, The battle actual happened between the Monitor and the Virginia. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable Events • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels. How many have heard about the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack? She pioneered the configuration of metal hull, metal structure, turrets, standardized main armament, steam propulsion and no sails, and thus influenced nearly every class of gun surface warship that has followed. The Confederates had raised the sunken Merrimac in the Gosport Monitor was the brainchild of a brilliant Swedish immigrant named John Ericsson. Rather than allow her capture, Merrimack, cornered by land, shallow rivers and Monitor a few miles away was burned off Craney Island, just five miles where she had been resurrected. Note: unless noted otherwise, all images are from history.naval.mil. Furthermore, having expended about 530 cannonballs, he was very low on ammunition. The New York State Library Battle of Atlanta | It was a stunning victory for the South and the greatest defeat ever for the US Navy. Download a PDF of all the full-size images (58 MB). The two ironclads fought for several hours, but neither was able to damage the other significantly, and the battle eventually ended without either side being able to claim a decisive vistory: the Union's losses were far heavier, but the Confederates did not succeed in breaking the blockade. The catch was that the Union was so far behind that Monitor had to be built in record time: 90 days. On the morning of March 9, the Union forces looked out across the Hampton Roads as the smoke from Virginia's smokestack filled the horizon instilling mass fear. Monitor and Merrimac. Sewell's Point is at top left while Newport News Point is at right. Merrimack's first target was Congress. Dahlgren guns. James River, and it was expected she would annihilate other ships there the next morning. By 7:00 pm, it was getting dark. Ironsides was a powerful vessel built in Philadelphia. Topics. Magically her steam machinery and hull proved salvageable. By then, however, the USS Monitor had arrived on the scene to defend the Minnesota. Afterwards, one news article concluded that "naval architecture of the world, for all purposes of war, must be changed, and iron-plated steamers take the place of all the wooden constructions now in use.". The New But it was real, and it profoundly influenced naval warfare and warship design ever after. She was like a pigmy by the side of a giant. Sherman's March to the Sea | Her sloped superstructure was made of 24" of thick wood and 4" of iron plating.